Origin: Roman Empire
Pompeii Gladius (or Pompeianus or Pompei): Named by modern historians after the Roman town of Pompeii, this Gladius was by far the most popular one. Four instances of the sword type were found in Pompeii, with others turning up elsewhere. The sword has parallel cutting edges and a triangular tip. This is the shortest of the gladii. Observe that it is often confused with the spatha which was a longer, slashing weapon used initially by mounted auxilia. Over the years the Pompeii got longer, these later versions are referred to as semi-spathas.
Dating to 1st-3rd century AD. Total length - 83,2 cm. Blade's length - 65,1 cm. Blade's width - 5,9 - 6,3 cm.
Straight double edged blade of Pompeii type, with two narrow fullers. Long narrow tang. Organic parts missing.
Condition report: in stable excavated, cleaned and conserved condition. Significantly affected by corrosion. Blade in the middle affected more than the rest of the blade.
Roman Military Equipment from the Punic Wars to the Fall of Rome. By: M. C. Bishop, J. C. Coulston, 2005