83. AN EMPIRE ORMOLU MANTEL CLOCK DEPICTING GANYMEDE IN HIS CHARIOT PULLED BY EAGLES

PIERRE-PHILLIPE THOMIRE, ATTRIBUTED TO.
Origin: France, ca. 1805-1810.
Dimensions: heigth – 50 cm, width – 42,3 cm, depth – 14,5 cm, dial diameter – 10,2 cm.
Chariot clocks were designed and became popular in early 19th century. Chariot motif was used in many variants. Dial is usually inscribed into chariot’s wheel. Chariot is driven by a putto and pulled mostly by horses, but also dogs, tigers, lions, swans or – as in our example – by eagles.
In Greek mythology Ganymede was Troyan hero, the son of Tros Dardania. In one version of the myth, he is abducted by Zeus, in the form of an eagle, to serve as cup-bearer in Olympus.
[Ganymede] was the loveliest born of the race of mortals, and therefore
the gods caught him away to themselves, to be Zeus' wine-pourer,
for the sake of his beauty, so he might be among the immortals.
Homer, Iliad (Richard Lattimore, trans. The Iliad of Homer, 1951).
Clock case in gilt bronze, depicting Ganymede riding through the skies in his chariot, which is pulled by a pair of eagles amongst clouds. On the left side classical ewer with snake shaped handle. Low-relief depicting Ganymede as Zeus' cupbearer amongst dogs, military trophies and an eagle. Case supported on four paw feet.
The circular dial with white-enamelled chapter ring with Roman numerals and Arabic quarter-minutes. Clock’s movement with twin barrels, silk suspension, outside countwheel. Strikes full and half-hours on a bell. With pendulum and winding key. Unsigned.
Pierre-Philippe Thomire (1751-1843, master in 1772) – considered the most important bronze caster and finisher (French: fondeur-ciseleur) of the last quarter of the 18th and the first years of the 19th century. Designer and producer of gilt bronze objects, furniture and porcelain mounts, clock-cases, designer in neoclassical and empire style. His works were made with highest attention to details and remarkable quality. Before Revolution Thomire had received training in the worksop of Pierre Gouthiere. In 1776 (or 1775, depending on source) Thomire opened his own workshop. He cooperated with the artistic director of the Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory, Jean-Claude-Thomas Duplessis, making bronze mounts. After death of Dupplesis in 1783 Thomire alone was responsible for supplying all the gilt bronze mounts for the porcelain, what helped him to survive post-Revolution chaos, which led many other producers to bankruptcy. In 1804 he bought the business of a marchand-mercier, Martin-Éloi Lignereux, what allowed him to sell furniture, Sèvres porcelain, and decorative objects, produced in his own workshops. Thomire was the first bronzier allowed to exhibit in the Exposition Publique des Produits de l'Industrie in 1806, where he gained a gold medal. The Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1809 announced Thomire ciseleur de l'empereur (finisher/engraver to the Emperor). Thomire’s company became fournisseur de leurs majestés (Furniture Suppliers to their Majesties) in 1811. As Niclausse estimated, in the best period Thomire employed 600-700 workers. After Napoleon’s downfall Thomire Duterme and Cie continued work for French elites, to include the King's brother, duc de Berry. In 1823, at the age of seventy-two, Thomire finally retired from his company, but continued to work as a sculptor, exhibiting at the Salon until he was in his eighties. He died in 1843.
Bibliography:
Pierre Kjellberg, La Pendule Française, Paris, 1997, p. 421, fig. C.
Hans Ottomeyer and Peter Pröschel, Vergoldete Bronzen, Munich, 1986, p. 355, fig. 5.9.6.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: We do not guarantee functionality of the movement! We suggest professional overhaul after purchase.

Sale No 10227

Auction closed!
28 March 2017 20:00

Hammer price4.00 EUR5.00 EUR6.00 EUR 6.100 EUR6.00 EUR7.00 EUR8.00 EUR

Estimate 6000-8000 EUR

Bidding

145.600 EUR2017-03-27 15:20
375.500 EUR2017-03-27 22:13
255.000 EUR2017-03-22 21:09
 5.000 EUR Start price

2ND AUCTION: MILITARIA – ANTIQUES - COLLECTIBLES,

Finished

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